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4 types of basic vinaigrette on spoons with butter lettuce salad

The Best Simple Vinaigrette Recipe

At its base vinaigrette is a simple ratio of 1 part acid to 3 parts oil. The fat (oil), and acid (lemon or vinegar), emulsify to create a salad dressing which gets flavors from the addition of salt and pepper as well as shallots and Dijon mustard, both of which also help it to emulsify.
Course Salad, sauce
Cuisine French
Keyword balsamic, basic, dressing, easy recipe, olive oil, red wine vinegar, salad dressing, sauce, simple, vinegar
Prep Time 5 minutes
Servings 1 cup


  • ¾ cup extra-virgin olive oil
  • ¼ cup red or white wine vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons minced shallots
  • 2 teaspoons Dijon mustard
  • Kosher salt, as needed
  • Freshly ground black pepper, as needed


  • Add all ingredients to a small bowl.
  • Whisk to combine until the vinaigrette has emulsified.
  • Season to taste with salt and pepper.
  • Use or store the vinaigrette in a container with a lid. Store, refrigerated, for 3 to 5 days.